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Thu-Fri 10:00 AM - 5:00 PMM

  How you prepare your beehive for winter greatly depends on where you live. One of the major reasons for winter loss of honey bee colonies in cold climates is moisture that is cold dripping on the cluster of bees.  The moisture is created when the warm air emitted from the cluster of bees rises and contacts the cold surface of the outer cover, creating condensation. Dealing with this condensation in the hive is the biggest winter time challenge that a beekeeper has.
       Winter bees are produced at the end of the summer. They are physiologically different from summer bees with a different blood protein profile and fatter bodies with the specific purpose to survive until spring.  Once the temperature drops below 57 degrees Fahrenheit these winter bees begin to form a cluster within the hive.  The bees on the outside act as insulators with their heads pointed towards the center of the cluster.  On the inside of the cluster the bees move their wings rapidly and the friction of this movement creates heat.  The center of the cluster, where the queen resides is approximately 89 degrees Fahrenheit.  As the heat rises the bees in the middle of the cluster move outward to become insulators and the outer bees move inward to become heat generators.  This movement of bees is continuous throughout the winter.   

Side View of Hive Stand

<----------- Inner Cover

Telescoping Cover

3" Vent ------>

Hive Stand

<----------- Imirie Shim

Langstroth beehive winter preparation

<----------- Entrance Reducer

Brood Chamber #1

Quilt Box

Bottom Board ------>

Brood Chamber #2